Arizona Emissions Tests Frequently Asked Questions

Arizona Emissions Tests Frequently Asked Questions

Emissions tests are mandatory in some parts of Arizona and people often have questions about them. Here are a selection of the most frequently asked questions from the official website. 

If you’re searching for how to pass an emissions test in Scottsdale, Bridwell Automotive Center can help!

Our team understands the state and city’s requirements for emissions and how to help ensure your car, truck, or suv will pass emissions testing.ASE Certified automotive repair technicians can help you prepare for testing or can help repair issues if you have failed and emissions test.

Read more about reasons vehicles fail emissions tests and how much emissions repairs cost.

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General Emissions Testing Information

Q: Why is the Emissions Program important?

A: The program is a key component of Arizona’s initiative to protect air quality while allowing for economic growth. With the pollution reductions achieved, there is more room for new businesses to bring jobs to the area and for existing businesses to expand. Without the emissions program, federal laws would seriously restrict economic growth.

Q: Why does my vehicle need to be tested?

A: Automobiles are a major contributor to ground level air pollution. In Phoenix, the program is an important component of reducing volatile organic compounds and maintaining air quality. High pollution levels affect the future health of our children and make it more difficult to draw new business and create jobs in our communities. In Tucson, the program is key to maintaining a healthy and attractive environment for Southern Arizona. The Emissions Program will help provide a healthy future and a strong economy for Arizona and for our families.

Q: Who is required to have their vehicle emissions tested?

A: All residents of the greater Phoenix and Tucson areas and those who regularly commute into the areas for work or school are required to have their 1967 or newer vehicles pass an emissions test. Most vehicles newer than 6 years old are exempt from testing, and certain other vehicle exemptions apply (see Exemptions). If you are not sure if you live in the emissions control area, CLICK HERE.

Q: How will I be notified if my vehicle needs a test?

A: Motor Vehicle (MVD) will send a renewal notice stating if your vehicle requires emissions, or you may call (602)771-3950.

Q: Do I need an appointment before taking my vehicle to a test station?

A: No, vehicles are tested on a first-come, first-serve basis. No appointments are necessary. For your convenience, inspection stations are open until 7 PM weekdays and 8 AM to 5 PM on Saturdays.

You may save some time by visiting the inspection stations in the evening (from 5 PM – 7 PM on weekdays), on Saturday afternoon and avoiding the end of the month.

Q: How far in advance can I have my vehicle tested?

A: Vehicles cannot be tested more than 90 days prior to your registration date for registration purposes. If you are purchasing a car from someone or just want to know how well it is performing, you may test any time. If purchased from a dealer, the dealer is required to have the vehicle pass emissions prior to sale. Please note: Once tested, the test fee cannot be refunded.

Q: Who can take my vehicle in for a test?

A: Any licensed motorist may take a vehicle to the testing station.

Testing Specifics & Payment

Q: What vehicles must be tested?

A: Vehicles that are model year 1967 and newer and more than 5 years old require emissions—this includes gasoline and diesel-fueled vehicles. Alternative fuel, flexible fuel (E85) and hybrid vehicles also require emissions. Newer vehicles are exempt for the first 5 years of registration. Some vehicles may require a different schedule. If unsure, call 1-877-myAZcar (1-877-692-9227.)

Q: How often will my vehicle need to be tested?

A: Depending on the vehicle’s year and weight, emissions test frequency can vary from 1 to 2 years. Vehicles 1981 and newer that are light duty vehicles (not diesel) will require emissions every 2 years. Vehicles that are 1980 and older, and most vehicles in Tucson, require emissions every year. Check the registration renewal notice to see if your vehicle is due.

Q: What paperwork do I have to take with me to emissions inspection?

A: If you have been registered in Arizona for some time, you will not need to bring anything with you—we will have your vehicle information in the computer database. If you are new to Arizona, we will need to see the current title or registration of the vehicle and your residence address. Of course, you will also need the test fee in cash, check or credit/debit card.

Q: Are there any restrictions on where I can have my vehicle tested?

A: Vehicles that are registered in Maricopa County cannot be emission tested in the Tucson area, due to the different test requirements. Therefore, you must test in your respective area, but you may use any inspection station in that area. However, if the vehicle is tested using the OBD test, it may be tested in either area.

Q: Do I have to pay if my vehicle fails the test?

A: A vehicle test fee is charged for the first test. A FREE retest is done if the failing vehicle is tested within 60 days of the initial test.

Q: What will my vehicle be tested for (tailpipe test only)?

A: The tailpipe test measures your vehicle’s emissions under various operating conditions. It is designed to measure levels of hydrocarbon (HC), carbon monoxide (CO), and oxides of nitrogen (NOx). Vehicles will be required to meet emissions standards established for the year the vehicle was manufactured.

Q: What type of testing is required for diesel vehicles?

A: Diesel vehicles are tested for “smoke opacity”, in other words, how much visible pollutants are in the exhaust plume.

Q: What is tampering?

A: “Tampering” means removing, defeating, or altering an emissions control device that was installed on a vehicle at the time the vehicle was manufactured. Defeating includes failure to repair any malfunctioning emission control system or device.

Q: My vehicle did not pass; will the test station make necessary repairs?

A: No, the inspection stations do not make repairs. You may take your vehicle to a service facility of your choice to have the necessary repairs made.

Q: Where can I find the testing history of a vehicle?

A: To look up a vehicle’s test history, CLICK HERE.


Q: My car is a hybrid, but my registration renewal states “Emissions Required”. Do I need to have it tested?

A: Yes. A hybrid vehicle is not designated as an exempt vehicle like a total electric vehicle. It must be tested.


Q: Do I have to have my motorcycle emissions tested?

A: No. As of June 21, 2013, motorcycles are no longer required to be emissions tested in the State of Arizona.


Q: What is a “drive cycle” and how do I do it?

A: Most newer vehicles are equipped with computers and engine emissions monitors. The manufacturer establishes a drive cycle in order to properly reset monitors to a ready state, enabling testing. The drive cycle may be fairly simple or very complex, depending on the vehicle. It is often necessary to rely on trained professionals to properly complete the drive cycle. Check with your repair facility.


Out of Area Exemption

Q: What does “out of the area” mean for emissions testing?

A: Arizona has a clearly defined emissions control boundary for both Phoenix and Tucson. You are considered out of the area when your place of residence is located outside the indicated boundary line.

Q: How do I determine if I am “out of the area”?

A: Check your physical address using our address locator at You will see some areas are shaded pink. The pink area is the emissions control area. Your address will be marked by an “X” and there will be a disclaimer on the left hand side of the screen. The disclaimer will say either “is in VEI area A or B” or “is NOT in VEI area A or B”.

Q: If the locator map indicates that I am “out of the area”, do I qualify for the “out of area” exemption?

A: You must meet the following criteria to qualify for an “out of area” exemption.

  • You reside in a partial zip code. These are zip codes that are right along the boundary line with part of it inside and part outside the area.
  • The address locator shows that you are outside the area.
  • You do not use the vehicle to commute into an emissions control area on a regular basis (for work or school).

Q: How do I apply for the “out of area” exemption?

A: Complete the “out of area” exemption form located at and submit for processing. Remember to include the documents requested in the form”s instructions. Once the application is approved and processed you will be notified by either email or regular mail, whichever is quickest and easiest. After notification that the application has been approved you will able to finish registration renewal with Motor Vehicle.

Out of State Exemptions

Q: My vehicle is located in Arizona but I am out of state, do I qualify for an out of state exemption?

A: No, an out of state exemption is for a vehicle located in another state at the time the vehicle’s registration is due in Arizona.

Q: Can someone else take my vehicle to the emissions test station for testing?

A: Yes. The vehicle can be brought for testing by whomever the vehicle owner designates to do so.

Q: How do I apply for an out of state exemption?

A: You can apply online 24/7 by visiting and clicking “Apply and Pay Online.” The $9.50 application fee can be paid by Visa, Master Card, American Express or electronic check. Once your application is approved, a notification will be emailed to you. You can then renew your vehicle registration with the Motor Vehicle Division in person, by mail, online at or over the phone by calling 1-888-713-3031.

Q: Will you accept an emissions test from another state?

A: Yes, we will accept a passing emissions test.

Q: I tested my vehicle in another state, but failed the Safety Check, is that ok?

A: Arizona does not require a Safety Check. If you have a passing emissions test and a failed Safety Check, you may still submit an out of state emissions exemption request.

Q: Can I fax or email my out of state exemption to ADEQ?

A: No, ADEQ only accepts out of state exemption applications through the online portal | Learn More >

Q: I am from another state can I test here in Arizona?

A: Yes, our stations will test any out of state vehicle.

Q: I sent in my emissions test but got it back with a letter with “compliance” check marked, what do I do?

A: If you see “ADOT” at the top left then the paperwork was sent to the incorrect agency. The Emissions Exemption paperwork must be sent to ADEQ’s main administrative office in Phoenix (1110 W. Washington St. Phoenix, AZ 85007) or Tucson (400 W. Congress St., Suite 433 Tucson, AZ 85701) prior to registering vehicle with Motor Vehicle Division.

Q: How do I find out if my out of state exemption has been accepted?

A: Click on the vehicle emissions history link below, enter your vehicle identification number (VIN) and press the “submit” button to review the current emissions status of your vehicle.
Vehicle Emissions History >

Q: I had my car tested; do I have to have the out of state exemption/verification form completed?

A: If you see “ADOT” at the top left then the paperwork was sent to the incorrect agency. Emissions testing paperwork must be sent to ADEQ’s main administrative office in Phoenix (1110 W. Washington St. Phoenix, AZ 85007) or Tucson (400 W. Congress St., Suite 433 Tucson, AZ 85701) prior to registering the vehicle with Motor Vehicle Division.

Q: After my exemption is processed how can I renew my registration?

A: After we process your exemption you can renew your registration online at:, call (602) 255-0072/(520) 629-9808, or via mail to: Motor Vehicle Division, P.O. Box 2100, Phoenix, AZ 85031.

Q: How long does the online out of state exemption take to process?

A: Once your online application is received it may take one to two business days to process.

Q: Can I send my registration renewal money with my out of state exemption fee?

A: No, the emissions exemption process is completed by ADEQ and your vehicle registration is completed by AZDOT. Additionally, ADEQ only accepts online payment for the out of state emissions exemption fee.

Scottsdale Emissions Repair Service

If you want to ensure you will pass on the first try for emissions testing, or if you have already failed and need help repairing your vehicle so it will pass; Bridwell Automotive Center is here to help!  From your daily driver Fords and Chevy’s all the way up to your McLaren or Ferrari our ASE Master Technicians are ready and waiting to help your pass emissions test in Scottsdale, AZ.

Schedule emissions repair or give us a call at (480) 948-4781

How Much Does a Car Diagnostic Cost?

Car Diagnostic Test Cost

The average price for a car diagnostic test costs about $82.50 with average prices ranging from $65 to $100 for the US in 2020 according to SuperMoney. Repairpal states it should cost between $88 and $111, but Popular mechanic states it should cost between $20 and $400.

What’s A Car Diagnostic Test?

Most modern vehicles are controlled by on-voard computers. Often these computers control the fuel injection systems, the automatic transmissions and the ignition systems. As part of their job, the computers continually accumulate data from sensors in your vehicle and calibrate the info to provide optimization to the performance of your vehicle. When a sensor in your vehicle reports an issue, it triggers the check engine light and it will be time to get a diagnostic test.

This is more than simply reading the codes. A comprehensive diagnostic test will let you know how long the issue or issues have been ongoing, the drive cycles, the key/start cycles as well as the amount of times that particular error or errors have cropped up during that duration of time. In other words you can tell from this data whether the problem is an ongoing concern that reduces or endangers the performance of your vehicle or whether it was a fluky coincidence. There are also errors which can occur that may not cause your check engine light to come on it is still a good idea to get a periodical diagnostic checkup.

How Much Should A Car Diagnostic Cost?

We have already discussed above the costs of the diagnostic tests but depending on your area of the United States upu will be looking at an hours worth of labor costs, usally between $65 to $100. Of course it is wise to shop around before making a commitment.

Can You Get A Free Diagnostic Test?

There are less than scrupulous car shop owners who will use this is a tool to make you think more catastrophic damage has been caused to your vehicle. So it is best to work only with places with established good reputations.if you are ever unsure regarding what have you been told, always get a secondary diagnosis for your vehicle. Sometimes though the best diagnostic services are the more expensive ones but it’s better to use them and pay for a part you may need than go without and risk further damaging your vehicle in the future.

Bridwell Automotive Car Diagnostic Tests In Scottsdale, Arizona 

Our dedicated team of ASE Master Technicians will tune-up your vehicle quickly and within your budget.  You can schedule your tune-up with Bridwell Automotive Center by using our contact form. Stop by our Automotive Repair Shop in Scottsdale located at 7171 E Lincoln Dr. Scottsdale, Arizona 85253 or by giving Bridwell Automotive Center a call today (480) 948-4781.

How Much Does a Tune-up Cost?

How Much Does a Tune-up Cost?

A tune-up cost about $500 with average prices ranging from $200 to $800 in the US for 2020 according to

  • Minimal Tune-up: $40-$150+
  • Standard Tune-up: $200-$800+
  • Major Servicing and Tune-up: $500-$1,200+

Usually done about once a year, a tune-up is a routinely scheduled preventative maintenance on a vehicle. The process differs by the vehicle’s age, make, model, and mileage, but a tune-up normally involves air filter replacement; a computer diagnostics check; and checking the condition of (and potentially replacing) the fuel filter, the spark plugs and wires, and other basic engine components.

Typical Tune-up Costs

  • Prices may start at $40-$150 or more for a minimal tune-up that will include replacing the spark plugs and inspecting their wires, but it typically costs $200-$800 or more for a standard tune-up that includes replacing the distributor cap, rotor, spark plugs and wires, the fuel filter, PVC valve and air filter, in addition to changing the oil, an computer diagnosis of the ignition, fuel, and emission systems, and adjustment of the dwell, timing and fuel mixture to factory specifications. Total costs commonly depend on the parts needed along with the hourly labor rate (usually $40-$90 in traditional repair shops or $80-$150 at the dealership). From 2010 to 2012, CostHelper readers stated paying $138-$685 for a standard tune-up, with an average cost of $340.
  • For vehicles that are older, a 90,000-, 100,000- or 120,000-mile tune-up may cost $500-$1,200 or more, depending on the adjustment and repairs required.

What Should be Included in the Tune-up?

  • Look into the owner’s manual for the year, make and model of vehicle, or the mechanic will, for a list of precisely what maintenance is required, and when it needs to be carried out. Every vehicle has a schedule of suggested and required maintenance, based on the mileage and the vehicle’s age.
  • A tune-up typically takes about 2 to 4 hours of labor, depending on what is needed.
  • A lot of today’s vehicles use platinum spark plugs, that typically last 30,000 to 100,000 miles, so they don’t need to be replaced with each tune-up. A handful of newer vehicles have an electronic ignition system rather than a distributor, so a tune-up won’t involve a new distributor cap and rotor.
  • Signs that a vehicle may need a tune-up include a decrease in gas mileage, an apparent loss of power, a “rough” engine or one that stalls when they stop, engine “knocking” or keeps running after the ignition is off, or a “check engine” light staying on after its first started. On the other hand, these symptoms could be caused by other issues within the vehicles computerized systems. A lot of repair shops will start by performing a diagnostics test, to find out if a tune-up is the right solution to the problem.

Shopping for a Tune-up

• When comparing prices, be sure to ask for detailed explanations of what is included in the tune-up, because it could vary considerably.
• The National Institute for Automotive Service Excellence (ASE), a non-profit organization for technicians and other automotive service professionals, has a searchable directory of certified repair shops.


How Much Does a Tune-up Cost? –” CostHelper,

Bridwell Automotive Offers Tune-ups In Scottsdale, Arizona 

Our dedicated team of ASE Master Technicians will tune-up your vehicle quickly and within your budget.  You can schedule your tune-up with Bridwell Automotive Center by using our contact form. Stop by our Automotive Repair Shop in Scottsdale located at 7171 E Lincoln Dr. Scottsdale, Arizona 85253 or by giving Bridwell Automotive Center a call today (480) 948-4781.

How Much Does A Clutch Replacement Cost?

How Much Does a Clutch Replacement Cost?

On average, clutch replacement costs about $1,324 in the US for 2020, clutch replacement costs can range from $1,229 to $1,419 according to, and other sources.

Labor Estimates for a Clutch Replacement

Labor price estimates range between $526 and $664, while parts prices range between $703 and $755. Estimates don’t include taxes and fees.

What is a Vehicle Clutch?

Clutches are used in vehicles that have manual transmissions. They transfer the power the engine makes to the transmission, causing the vehicles wheels to turn.

How Does it Work?

When the vehicle is in gear, power is exchanged from the engine to the clutch into the transmission. Depressing the clutch pedal releases the clutch friction disc from the vehicle’s flywheel, briefly disconnecting the engine from the transmission, allowing the vehicle to shift between gears.

What are Symptoms Related to a Bad Clutch?

A failing clutch could shudder or slip, or it may be unusually hard to depress the pedal. Changing gears can become harder. The vehicle’s engine may rev but won’t increase in speed or the vehicle might not move at all.

  • The vehicle may poorly function: it might start out slow even though the engine is racing. Or it might be difficult to get the vehicle into reverse, or into gear at all.
  • Rackets and bangs can indicate problems: the clutch pedal might make noise, or the transmission could make noise while the vehicle is in neutral. You might hear growling or squealing as you depress the pedal or grinding noises as you shift gears.
  • The pedal can give you an indication: it might chatter, pulsate or, vibrate, be rigid and hard to depress, drop to the floorboard and stay there, or feel spongy or connected loosely.

How Often do Clutches Need to be Replaced?

Replacement periods differ by vehicle and the way people drive. Just like brake pads, clutches don’t have a suggested replacement mileage. They will wear down, but some can last well over 100,000 miles.

Can I Drive With a Clutch Problem?

No, it’s typically impossible to drive with a worn or failed vehicle clutch. Although the transmission can be put into gear, the worn clutch disc won’t be able to produce enough torque for the vehicle to move.

Tips to Shopping for a Clutch Repair Shop

  • It’s a good idea to look for a mechanic prior to you actually needing their services. If you do your homework and find a mechanic prior to your vehicle needing service — you won’t be trapped with the first one you find when you need it.
  • Find for repair shops that are ASE certified (Blue Seal).
  • Look for clutch repair technicians that are certified by the National Institute for Automotive Service Excellence.

OBD codes related to Clutch Replacement

  • P2853: Clutch “A” Pressure Discharge Performance
  • P2855: Clutch “A” Pressure Charge Performance
  • P2789: Clutch “A” Adaptive Learning at Limit


  1. Clutch Replacement Cost – RepairPal Estimate.”,
  2. How Much Does Clutch Repair Cost?” Mr. Clutch, 26 May 2013,

Bridwell Automotive Offers Clutch Replacement In Scottsdale, Arizona 

Our dedicated team of ASE Master Technicians will replace the clutch in your vehicle quickly and within your budget.  You can schedule your clutch replacement with Bridwell Automotive Center by using our contact form. Stop by our Automotive Repair Shop in Scottsdale located at 7171 E Lincoln Dr. Scottsdale, Arizona 85253 or by giving Bridwell Automotive Center a call today at (480) 948-4781.

Car Won’t Go Forward But Will Reverse

Car Won't Go Forward But Will Reverse

Not unlike having a small child, a car requires careful handling, immediate action when there is ana issue and regular check up’s. But sometimes issues arise without prior warning. A good example is why will the car will not move in drive but will in reverse.

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Transmission Issues

Especially in automatic transmission cars, the automatic transmission usually only gos in reverse when a component has been damged or failed. There may also be an issue with the speed sensor. Transmission is most likely to be the culprit for the car wont move in drive but will in reverse issue. When the vehicle does not function in one or more gears, you should check the gear shifter. The gear cable could be stretched further than the normal length and will need adjustment. When the car will reverse but not go forward because of worn out solenoids, clutches, or gears. Some issues are simple and you can fix them in your garage. But, professional attention is required when the problem lies with some inner parts.

Transmission Fluid

Low fluid levels is a possible reason for making the car moving to reverse only. Check the level when the engine is hot and when the can vehicle run in neutral. Use the transmission dipstick to see if the fluid is running low. The transmission cannot operate properly when it does not get enough supply of fluid.

Cracked Fluid Tube

A broken fluid tube may also be an issue. When the forward tube at the pipe joint cracks or breaks, the car cannot move forward except for going reverse. The repair is easy as you just need to replace the damaged parts.

Speed Sensor

Even a simple component like a speed sensor can mess up with the car’s transmission system. The sensor provides the ECU information about the vehicle’s speed that ultimately affects the shifting of the gears. If the information is erratic, the transmission may face the problem of working in reverse only.

Bridwell Automotive Center Offer Transmission Repair In Scottsdale

If you need help with Transmission Repair in Scottsdale, look no further than Bridwell Automotive Center located at  7171 E Lincoln Dr or give us a call today at (480) 948-4781.

How Much Does Transmission Repair Cost?

How Much Does Transmission Repair Cost?

On average, a transmission repair costs about $3,250 in the US in 2020, transmission repair costs can range from $1,500 to $5,000 according to My Transmission Experts.

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The cost to fix a transmission differs greatly by whether it’s just a leak from a cracked transmission fluid line, replacement of a bad solenoid, installation of a new replacement, or you choose for a more budget-friendly transmission rebuild. Major transmission repairs can cost $1000 to $2000 in just the labor and can take as long as a couple of days or up to a month to finish if the repair shop is waiting on parts.

Below, we have listed some of the most common transmission and transaxle problems that happen to vehicles and outlines what causes them, the symptoms you may recognize them by, and the average cost of their repair. When you know exactly what’s wrong with your vehicle, you can determine whether it’s a problem that requires a repair shop to do the work, or you might find an easier and cheaper fix when you do it yourself. You are also less like to get charged a higher price or overcharged by a repair shop when you know what the issues are and how much you should expect to pay.


This normally happens if your transmission fluid leaks for some reason, and can be recognized by a slipping, overheating or failed transmission, a delay in engaging the gear, and hard or irregular shifts or none at all.

The easiest repair is to refill transmission fluid, if no other damage has been done. A repair-shop will do it for $20-$30, while DIY will cost you $5-$10 per Quart ATF.

If the lack of transmission fluid has caused permanent problems to other mechanisms within the vehicle, this will involve further repair costs for the affected systems. It is also important to note that transmission fluid is not consumed or burned by the vehicle, so low transmission fluid indicates a leak which will need to be fixed.


This will happen because of lack of servicing, blocked filters, or overheating, and can be identified by a slipping transmission, overheating, delays in engaging the gear, malfunctioning or no shifts, or if transmission fails.

The best repair is to have fluid and fluid filter changes or do a fluid flush. Having the fluid and filter replaced at a repair-shop will cost you around $120-$225, and doing it yourself will cost you $45-$55. For a fluid flush, a repair-shop is likely to charge you $140-$320, while you can DIY for around $65-$90.

It should be noted that burnt fluid may sometimes cause internal damage if not identified at the right time. This can be determined by checking if there is clutch or metal debris in the fluid pan, and damaged parts will have to replaced.


There may be various causes for this, most of them often external damages, which can be repaired easily for a reasonable cost. A fluid leak, as mentioned above, can be identified by a low fluid level.

The easiest fix is to get the leak fixed and refill the fluid. A repair-shop will charge you $50-$500 for this, if the leak is external, and DIY will cost you $25-$100.

If the cause of the leak is internal, however, it will have to be repaired at the shop as the transmission needs to be taken out of the vehicle. This repair may cost you over $500.


This will be caused due to the fluid running low, a failure in the Solenoids, worn out clutches, or if the fluid is burnt, dirty or old. It can be identified by the engine’s high RPM but a slower speed regardless, an overheating transmission, or if slipping is experienced in between shifts.

The first thing that need to be done if this is experienced is to diagnose the problem and identify its source, which could be any of the problems outlined above. Having this done at the repair-shop will cost you $75-$125, while diagnosing the problem yourself will cost you nothing but a little bit of time. For a detailed diagnostic report, a transmission scan can be undertaken at the repair-shop.


If the transmission fluid is old, dirty, burnt or running low, or if an electrical circuit is open, or the solenoids fail, this can lead to a number of shift problems, like abnormal shifts or the vehicle shifting into the wrong gear.

Like before, the key is diagnosis, which can be performed at the repair shop for $75-$125 (price range includes cost for a transmission scan) or at home for no cost at all.


This could be caused if there’s an open electrical circuit, if the PCM or TCM fail, or if the speed or other sensors stop working, and can be recognized rather obviously if the automatic gear shifting mechanism has stopped working but the gear can still be shifted manually.

Initial diagnosis can be carried out at home for no cost but if that does not reveal anything, the car will have to be taken to the repair-shop so that a diagnosis of electrical problems or computer and sensor issues can be undertaken. This will cost around $75-$125.


If you notice that the transmission is downshifting randomly and then going back to normal as well, this could be cause by an electrical malfunction, or if the speed, transmission range, or throttle position sensors stop working.

Initial assessment can be carried out at home and the vehicle can be taken to the repair-shop for a full scan of electrical and computer systems, and all sensors. A custom diagnosis will cost between $75-$125.


If you notice that the transmission is slipping out of gear every time the vehicle gets warmed up, this is probably due to fluid passing through a leakage in the internal seals not allowing pressure build up.

In such a situation, the best course of action is rebuilding or replacing the transmission. The repair-shop will normally charge you $1,600 to over $3,500 for rebuilding, and $1,900 to over $3,800 for rebuilding the transmission. You can do this at home, in which case rebuilding the transmission will cost you between $400-$700 and replacing it will cost you $1,200 to over $3,000.

The prices mentioned above are true if you purchase a remanufactured transmission. Cost of a used transmission will be must less.


SYMPTOM(S): If you notice smoke or a burning smell, most likely caused by burning coolant, oil or transmission fluid, or if the transmission fails, the vehicle has most likely overheated. This can be caused if the transmission fluid is running low, or if it is dirty or burnt, if the filter is blocked, or if the vehicle has been driving under immense load. Other causes may include cooling lines or oil cooler malfunction, overheated engine, slipping, and failure of the transmission fluid pump.

It is important that overheating is identified and diagnoses immediately, as it can cause permanent damage to the vehicle. If you are able to diagnose the source of the overheating at home, you’ll save on diagnosis fees, which will normally be around $75-$125 at the repair shop.


Internal problem stopping a pressure build up or a problem in the valve may cause the transmission’s forward gears to stop working, while the reverse gear may still be functioning.

The first step is a proper diagnosis of the problem, for which the repair-shop will charge you $75-$125. When the diagnosis has revealed the source of the problem, you can have the valve replaced at the repair shop for $375 to above $1,000, or you can purchase and install it yourself, which will cost you $250 to above $1,000.
If it’s the transmission that needs rebuilding, the repair-shop will charge you $1,600 to above $3,500 for the task, or you can rebuild it yourself for $400-$700.

It must be noted that if it’s a problem in the valve body, it will normally show up only under a transmission scan which the repair facility will have carry out.


Opposite to a similar problem mentioned earlier, if the reverse gear transmission has stopped working while the forward gears may still be working, this could be caused by a leakage in the valve body that is not allowing the required pressure to build up.

Having the problem diagnosed at the repair-shop will be around $75-$150, and valve repair costs will be the same as those mentioned above.


If you have been using your vehicle for towing heavy objects or driving it under other harsh conditions, or if the torque converter is worn out or hasn’t been installed properly, this may cause the torque converter to malfunction. You can identify this if you experience shuddering in the vehicle, if the shifts are malfunctioning, if there is delay in engaging the gear leading up to no engagement at all, if you hear a strange whining sound when firing up the vehicle, or if the engine revs up more than the vehicle accelerates at start-up but gets better later.

Diagnosis at a repair shop, as mentioned above, will cost around $75-$125, and you will be charged $600 to above $1000 for having the torque converter replaced. If you purchase and replace it yourself, it will cost you around $145-$250.

It is important to note that the torque converter may, on some occasion, disintegrate upon failure. This can be identified by clacking or grinding noises from the transmission area. When this is heard, turn off the engine immediately or serious damage may be caused to the transmission.

Furthermore, even if the torque converter has started failing, your vehicle will still continue to work for quite some time before the converter fails completely. But driving the vehicle in this condition is dangerous as it may cause it to internally disintegrate when it fails, resulting in the debris getting mixed with the transmission fluid and causing serious damage to the transmission.


If your shifter level locks itself in the park position on occasion, this may be due to a fault in the brake-pedal position or shift interlock switches, or if a fuse has blown.

This will have to diagnosed and repaired, for which the repair-shop may charge you $35-$65 and $50-$250 respectively. Diagnostic charges may be waived if the repair-shop carries out the repairs as well. The repair cost will be determined by the system that needs to be repaired. If it’s a simple brake-light switch replacement, it won’t cost you as much as having the shift interlock switch replaced.


If this happens, it is probably caused by a worn out or damaged parking pawl, or a bad rear U-joint.

Diagnostic at the repair-shop will cost around $50-$65, with parking pawl and U-joint replacement charges coming up to about $500-$1,000 and $75-$115 respectively. Diagnostic charges may be waived if the repair-shop carries out the repairs as well. If you decide to replace the parking pawl yourself, it will cost you $45-$90, and replacing the U-joint yourself will be $10-$25 on average.


This will be signified by the vehicle rolling forward even with the shifter in neutral position, and can happen if the shifter linkage is loose, if the shift indicator is directed towards a wrong gear, or if the shifter cable has been damaged.

The solution is pretty simple. You can diagnose the cause of the problem yourself or have it taken to the repair-shop for diagnoses, which will cost you $40-$50 in diagnostic fees. If the cause turns out to be a loose shifter linkage, you can tighten it yourself at no cost, or have the repair-shop do it for $50-75. If the condition is being caused by a damaged shifter cable, the repair-shop will charge you $125-$250 for replacement, or you can purchase and replace it yourself for around $35-$80.

Knowing what ails your vehicle and being able to identify a problem and diagnose its cause will give you confidence when dealing with a repair-shop and save you considerable amount of money on repairs.

Bridwell Automotive Center Offer Transmission Repair In Scottsdale

If you need help with Transmission Repair in Scottsdale, look no further than Bridwell Automotive Center located at  7171 E Lincoln Dr or give us a call today at (480) 948-4781.

Winterizing Your Car

Winterizing Your Car

Winterizing your car should be something every car owner needs to consider. It has to be said it is not as intense as it was with cars made in the 1960’s and 1970’s but there are still things you can do to make sure your car is fully prepared for the winter months. Read on to learn more.

  • Make sure the hoses and belts that keep your enging running are in good condition. Look for wear and tear and if they need replaced, replace them without delay.
  • Change your oil and use an oil that is less thick than you use in the summer months as the thicker oil in cold conditions will not get through your engine as well. Check out your car handbook for further advice.
  • Keep emergency supplies in your vehicle.
  • Look at the anti-freeze mixture. Usually it should be a 50: 50 mix to make sure the coolant in the radiator will not freeze. you can find an antifreeze a tester at almost any auto parts store.
  • If your vehicle has four-wheel drive, have it checked before the bead weather sets in. This will make sure the transmission runs smoothly.
  • Check out your tire pressure. Remember your tire pressure will drop around 1 psi for every ten degrees the temperature drops.
  • Snow tires may be a good idea. Made from softer rubber allowing greater flexibility even in the worst cold weather of winter as well as adding traction to your vehicle.
  • Ensure your wiper fluid is full and change out your wiper blades. Some blades are especially designed for the winter weather and may be a very worthwhile investment. Make sure as well your wiper fluid resevoir with a brand of wiper fluid that possesses a lower freeze point.

Schedule Battery Replacement In Scottsdale

Call or Stop by Our Shop In Scottsdale, Arizona.  In addition to being a full-service gas station, we employee ASE Certified mechanics that work on imports and domestic vehicles alike.  When you need new brake pads, brake rotors, or other brake services such as a brake fluid system flush our team is here to help!  Conveniently located in Scottsdale we can tend to nearly any vehicle repair or maintenance need.  Stop by our Shop In Scottsdale located at 7171 E Lincoln Dr. Scottsdale, Arizona 85253 or by giving Bridwell Automotive Center a call today (480) 948-4781.

Best Cold Weather Car Batteries

Best Cold Weather Car Batteries

Cold weather puts your car under more stress than is normal and starting your vehcile in cold conditions can be a challenge. However, a suitable battery is always important and never more so than on those chilly winter mornings. Read on to learn what car batteries are best in cold weather and look out for the information abut cold cranking amps (CCA), the warranty on the battery and the reserve capacity (RC) – the higher the number – the better it should perform when the mercury is not rising very high!

Optima Batteries YellowTop

  • Suitable for high load vehicles.
  • Durable.
  • Great for cold weather.
  • Long-lasting reserve.
  • Increased efficency with coil design.
  • CCA 650.
  • Reserve capacity 98 minutes.

ACDelco Professional AGM

  • Hi-tech design for maximum performance.
  • Battery is maintenance free.
  • Warranty is long lasting.
  • Additional reserve power.
  • Absorbed glass mat technology features.
  • CCA 800.
  • Reserve Capacity 140 minutes.

Optima Batteries RedTop

  • Strong start power.
  • Design is spill proof.
  • Six coils.
  • Increased resistance to vibration.
  • Made for high-performance vehicles.
  • CCA 800 minutes.
  • Reserve Capacity 100 minutes.

Exide Edge FP-AGM

  • Durable construction.
  • High-performance design characteristics.
  • Corrosion and leak resistant.
  • Easy carry handle.
  • CCA 710.
  • Reserve Capacity: 120 minutes at 25 amps.

NorthStar Ultra High-Performance AGM

  • High-performance design characteristics.
  • Construction is durable
  • Battery is marine grade.
  • Absorbed glass mat technology features.
  • CCA 900.
  • Reserve Capacity 220.

Schedule Battery Replacement In Scottsdale

Call or Stop by Our Shop In Scottsdale, Arizona.  In addition to being a full-service gas station, we employee ASE Certified mechanics that work on imports and domestic vehicles alike.  When you need new brake pads, brake rotors, or other brake services such as a brake fluid system flush our team is here to help!  Conveniently located in Scottsdale we can tend to nearly any vehicle repair or maintenance need.  Stop by our Shop In Scottsdale located at 7171 E Lincoln Dr. Scottsdale, Arizona 85253 or by giving Bridwell Automotive Center a call today (480) 948-4781.

How Much Does Auto Radiator Replacement Cost?

How Much Does Auto Radiator Replacement Cost?

The average auto radiator replacement cost is $813.90, with prices ranging from $256.55 to $1,371.25. But usually depends on the make and model of the vehicle you drive and the auto repair shop you take it to.

What is a Radiator?

The radiator keeps the engine from overheating. When it is running, the engine generates heat. Coolant that flows through the system absorbs and eliminates extra heat produced by the engine. The coolant then moves throughout the radiator where it cools off and is then distributed back into the engine and start the process over.

A radiator is comprised of two tanks linked through brass or aluminum tubing. When coolant goes through tubes, the radiator cooling fan pushes air across the radiator to decrease the coolants temperature. Tanks are made of plastic and is not uncommon for them to crack and start leaking coolant. If the tubes crack tank or the tank cracks, coolant will leak, and can cause severe engine damage from overheating. Radiators sometimes tend to clog over time. When this happens, not enough coolant is flowing through the radiator leading to the build-up of heat, making the engine overheat.

Bear in mind:

  • When replacing the radiator, the whole cooling system needs to be inspected, specifically the radiator hoses.
  • When you get your radiator replaced, it is also a great idea replace the radiator cap and the thermostat.
  • After you get your radiator replaced, you should also have it inspected for leaks.

How it’s done:

  • Radiator for leak inspection.
  • Pressure test the system.
  • Replace the radiator.
  • Fill the radiator with the correct mixture of 50/50 coolant.

Our recommendation:

Be sure to follow the maintenance schedule recommended by the manufacturer to get the coolant replaced on a regular basis. It is a good idea to have the coolant changes every 25,000-40,000 miles. higher engine temperatures, it is unavoidable that the tanks in the radiator will typically crack. Replacing the coolant will guarantee it is free of contaminants like rust or scale that can stop it from flowing through out the radiator and engine. The thermostat needs to also be replaced when replacing the radiator in addition to any necessary radiator hoses. The cooling system needs to also be flushed out to remove any contaminates.

Can I drive with radiator issues?

An under-performing radiator has far reaching effects. A failed heater, coolant loss, or engine damage from an overheating radiator can occur. Overheating causes damage to an engine. Continuing to drive an overheating vehicle can disable the motor.

What are some common symptoms indicating you may need to replace your radiator?

  • Overheating Vehicle.
  • Coolant is leaking.

How crucial is the radiator service?

If a failing radiator is not replaced, the overheating of the engine can possibly lead to serious internal engine damage.

Schedule Radiator Replacement In Scottsdale

In addition to being a full-service gas station, we employee ASE Certified mechanics that work on imports and domestic vehicles alike.  When you need a radiator replaced our team is here to help! Stop by Bridwell Auto Center located at 7171 E Lincoln Dr. Scottsdale, Arizona 85253 or by giving Bridwell Automotive Center a call today (480) 948-4781.

How Much Does Shock & Strut Replacement Cost?

hock Absorber or Strut Assembly Replacement Cost

The average cost for a shock absorber or strut assembly replacement is $366. Prices range from $316 to $416 for a shock absorber or strut assembly replacement for the US in 2019.

Additionally, labor costs average $128 with price ranging from $113 to $143 while the average price of replacement parts $238 with costs ranging from $203 to $273 according to Repairpal

This repair is often done as part of a larger repair and that may or may not be reflected in the total price you have to pay.

What Is A Strut Or Shock Absorber?

  • Struts are part of the overall suspension system and they support the weight of the vehicle. often the yare also part of the steering system pivoting when you turn the steering wheel.
  • Shocks provide dampening properties by controlling suspension and spring movement. They do not support the weight of the vehicle nor do they form a component of the steering system.

What Are The Symptoms Of A Bad Shock Absorber Or Strut?

Broken or failing struts and shocks causing a number of symptoms making for a less than totally comfortable ride. The symptoms include the following:

  • Hydraulic fluid link.
  • Body roll when turning.
  • Cupped and other abnormal tire wear.
  • While driving we may hear thumping, knocking or rattling noise when driving.
  • Tail or nose end dipping down during hard acceleration and braking.
  • A bumpy ride.

How Are Strut Or Shock Absorber Issues Diagnosed?

The struts are likely worn if you push on the vehicle and it bounces up and down. The yare also diagnoses when a technician is in the midst of replacing other components and can also be discovered during routine services like wheel alignment.

Can I Drive With A Strut Or Shock Absorber Problem?

You can drive a car with worn front struts but performance will be compromised as the handling will not be up to the normal standard because when you turn the car is dependent on its struts.

When the condition worsens, the loss of control can lead to a rollover crash. Is the front strut is broken, you should replace it before driving the vehicle.

How Is A Strut Or Shock Absorber Replaced?

A technician has to remove the wheels to replace a front strut, The brake rotor and caliper are removed then the sway bar is disconnected, The strut is then further disconnected from the strut tower and steering knuckle, thus removing it from the vehicle.

it is common to reuse the coil spring from the old assembly when the entire strut assembly is being replaced. In this case, the worn strut will have to be compressed and then disassembled. The new strut will then need to be assembled together before installation.

What To Look Out For With Strut And Shock Absorber Issues

When replacing a strut, the old strut may have to be compressed during the repair. To do this the coil spring has to be compressed, so the assembly of the strut can be dismantled. When this takes place the compressed coil spring can be extremely dangerous especially if the spring slips from the compressor supplying the tension.

Can I Replace The Strut Or Shock Absorber Myself?

Because of the extreme danger from serious injury should the spring slip from the compressor when assembling the strut combined with the fact that once assembled the full inspection of the suspension and steering as well as a professional standard wheel alignment should be performed, we strongly recommend you leave this to the professionals. Thankfully, the fully qualified and experienced mechanics and technicians at Bridwell Automotive have you covered with their great service, to get you back on the road again!

Bridwell Automotive Offers Strut and Shock Absorber Replacement In Scottsdale, Arizona 

Our dedicated team of ASE Master Technicians will help you by replacing your strut and shock absorber quickly and within your budget.  You can schedule your strut and shock absorber repair with Bridwell Automotive Center in Scottsdale by using our contact form. Stop by our Strut and Shock Replacement Shop In Scottsdale located at 7171 E Lincoln Dr. Scottsdale, Arizona 85253 or by giving Bridwell Automotive Center a call today (480) 948-4781.